Valentinsrag

Valentinsrag Bedeutung des Valentinstags – Kurzfassung

Der Valentinstag wird am Februar begangen. Das Brauchtum dieses Tages geht auf das Fest des heiligen Valentinus zurück, eines Märtyrers, in dessen Hagiographie möglicherweise die Vitae mehrerer Märtyrer dieses Namens zusammenflossen. Der. Der Valentinstag wird am Februar begangen. Das Brauchtum dieses Tages geht auf das Fest des heiligen Valentinus zurück, eines Märtyrers, in dessen. Jedes Jahr am Februar ist Valentinstag. Doch warum gilt er als Tag der Verliebten? Alles zur Bedeutung des Valentinstags, der Geschichte. Alles zu Legende, Ursprung und Brauchtum am Valentinstag. Hier erfahren Sie, wer der heilige Valentin eigentlich war. Schauen Sie vorbei! Termin; Einstiegsinformation; Ablauf; International; Zur Herkunft der Valentinstag-​Bräuche; Hintergrund-Infos; Drei Heilige Valentin; Valentinsgedichte; Weblinks.

Valentinsrag

Heute, am , ist Valentinstag Was sollte man nicht tun? Woher kommt der Brauch? Wir zeigen, wer der Namensgeber Valentin war. Welche Tradition hinter dem Valentinstag steht und welche Alternativen es für Singles gibt, erfahren Sie hier. Auf dieser Überlieferung basierend wird der Februar als Tag der Liebenden gefeiert. wurde der Valentinstag als Gedenktag von Papst Gelasius I. für die​.

Deputy Prime Minister Muhyiddin Yassin said the celebration of romantic love was "not suitable" for Muslims. Wan Mohamad Sheikh Abdul Aziz, head of the Malaysian Islamic Development Department Jakim , which oversees the country's Islamic policies said that a fatwa ruling issued by the country's top clerics in noted that the day 'is associated with elements of Christianity,' and 'we just cannot get involved with other religions' worshipping rituals.

Activities include conducting raids in hotels to stop young couples from having unlawful sex and distributing leaflets to Muslim university students warning them against the day.

On Valentine's Day , West Malaysian religious authorities arrested more than Muslim couples concerning the celebration ban.

Some of them would be charged in the Shariah Court for defying the department's ban against the celebration of Valentine's Day.

In East Malaysia , the celebration are much more tolerated among young Muslim couples although some Islamic officials and Muslim activists from the West side have told younger generations to refrain from such celebration by organising da'wah and tried to spread their ban into the East.

The concept of Valentine's Day was introduced into Pakistan during the late s with special TV and radio programs. The Jamaat-e-Islami political party has called for the banning of Valentine's Day celebration.

The case is the same with card publishers. In , local governing body of Peshwar officially banned the celebration of Valentine's Day in the city.

The ban was also implemented in other cities such as Kohat by the local governments. It is usually marked by a steep increase in the price of flowers, particularly red roses.

In Saudi Arabia , in and , religious police banned the sale of all Valentine's Day items, telling shop workers to remove any red items, because the day is considered a Christian holiday.

However, in and , after a fatwa was widely circulated, the religious police did not prevent Muslims from celebrating the day. In South Korea , women give chocolate to men on February 14, and men give non-chocolate candy to women on March 14 White Day.

The 14th of every month marks a love-related day in Korea, although most of them are obscure. However, the situation is the reverse of Japan's.

Men give gifts to women on Valentine's Day, and women return them on White Day. Dwynwen's Day on January 25 instead of or as well as Valentine's Day.

The day commemorates St Dwynwen , the Welsh patron saint of love. Valentine in Whitefriar Street Carmelite Church in Dublin, which is said to house relics of Saint Valentine of Rome; they pray at the shrine in hope of finding romance.

As the name indicates, this day is more about remembering friends, not significant others. In Estonia, Valentine's Day is called sõbrapäev , which has the same meaning.

In France, a traditionally Catholic country, Valentine's Day is known simply as " Saint Valentin ", and is celebrated in much the same way as other western countries.

The village gets dressed in its 19th-century costume and put on the program with over people. In the Eastern Orthodox church there is another Saint who protects people who are in love, Hyacinth of Caesarea feast day July 3 , but this was not widely known until the late s [] In contemporary Greece, Valentine's Day is generally celebrated as in the common Western tradition.

In recent years, Romania has also started celebrating Valentine's Day. In order to counter the perceived denaturation of national culture, Dragobete , a spring festival celebrated in parts of Southern Romania, has been rekindled after having been ignored during the Communist years as the traditional Romanian holiday for lovers.

The holiday is named after a character from Romanian folklore who was supposed to be the son of Baba Dochia. In Denmark and Norway , February 14 is known as Valentinsdag , and it is celebrated in much the same manner as in the United Kingdom.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the romantic holiday and liturgical celebration.

For other uses, see Valentine's Day disambiguation. Valentine's Day" redirects here. For the Bing Crosby album, see St. Valentine's Day album. Holiday observed on February Types of love.

Social views. Color wheel theory of love Biological basis Love letter Love magic Valentine's Day Philosophy Religious views love deities Mere-exposure effect Similarity Physical attractiveness Triangular theory of love.

Main article: Saint Valentine. Valentines day. Main article: Dia dos Namorados. See also: The Cowherd and the Weaver Girl.

Main article: Valentine's Day in India. Main article: Opposition to Valentine's day in Iran. Main article: Valentine's Day in Pakistan.

Christianity portal Holidays portal. Valentine's Day with Lupercalia to expel the pagan rituals. The replacement of Lupercalia with Saint Valentine's celebration was suggested by researchers Kellog and Cox.

Ansgar says "It is hardly credible, then, that Pope Gelasius could have introduced the feast of the Purification to counteract the Lupercalia, and in fact the historical records of his pontificate give no hint of such an action.

This feast is celebrated 40 days after the Nativity. In Jerusalem the Nativity was celebrated on January 6, and this feast in February But, in the West and even in Eastern places such as Antioch and Alexandria, Nativity was celebrated on December 25, and this Purification was not celebrated.

When this feast was introduced to Rome, it was directly placed in February 2. Around that time, Jerusalem adopted the Nativity date of December 25 and moved the Purification to February 2.

October 23, Dictionary of Christianity. Christians in the Twenty-First Century. The association between Valentine and lovers derives from a legend associated with Valentine of Rome.

Emperor Claudius II wanted to recruit soldiers for the Roman army, and prohibited young men from marrying, in case homesickness for wives, homes and families should impair their military prowess.

He also opposed the Christian faith, encouraging its persecution. Valentine, a physician priest, offered help to Christians whose lives were in peril and, although celibate himself, performed secret marriage rites for young men and women, defying the emperor's decree.

He was discovered and imprisoned. A Litany of Saints. The Encyclopedia of Saints. Infobase Publishing.

Butler's Lives of the saints. Encyclopaedia of Great Festivals. Valentine's Day, —" Winterthur Portfolio Pitt Rivers Museum.

University of Oxford. Archived from the original on July 19, Retrieved June 20, Church of England Anglican Communion. Archived from the original on June 29, Retrieved October 27, February 14 Valentine, Martyr at Rome, c.

August 1, Fortress Press. Archived from the original on January 1, February 14, Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America.

Archived from the original on August 14, Retrieved February 12, Archived from the original on February 5, Sacred Travels. Adams Media. Archived from the original on March 3, Archived from the original on January 16, Archived from the original on October 17, Cooper, Dictionary of Christianity , , Routledge.

Valentine, Chaucer, and Spring in February ", Speculum , 56 : — Oruch's survey of the literature finds no association between Valentine and romance prior to Chaucer.

He concludes that Chaucer is likely to be "the original mythmaker in this instance. Valentine, laying his hand upon her eyes, said in prayer, "O Thou who art the true Light, give light to this Thy servant.

Asterius and his wife, falling at the feet of Valentine, prayed that they might be admitted into the Christian fellowship; whereupon St. Valentine commanded them to break their idols, to fast for three days, to forgive their enemies, and to be baptized.

Asterius and his wife did all the saint told them to do, and Valentine baptized them and all their household, to the number of forty-six in all.

Ansgar was unable to corroborate this. Valentine beheaded — Feb 14, ". Archived from the original on March 16, Retrieved April 9, When Valentine's actions were discovered, Claudius ordered that he be put to death.

Valentine was arrested and dragged before the Prefect of Rome, who condemned him to be beaten to death with clubs and to have his head cut off.

The sentence was carried out on February 14, on or about the year Legend also has it that while in jail, St.

Valentine left a farewell note for the jailer's daughter, who had become his friend, and signed it "From Your Valentine.

Voices of the Martyrs. Bridge Logos Foundation. XL, No. Chapter "The First Valentine", p. Archived from the original on September 14, Hesse January 1, Jewelrymaking Through History: An Encyclopedia.

Greenwood Publishing Group. Archived from the original on September 15, It appears as the birthstone from February probably due to its association with Saint Valentine; therefore, amethyst has often been worn to attract love.

Archived from the original on March 4, Archived from the original on June 28, Retrieved February 3, Gorenjski glas in Slovenian.

Archived from the original on January 18, February 9, Masaryk University Press. America's Favorite Holidays: Candid Histories.

University of California Press. There is no indication in suppressing the Lupercalia, Gelasius put anything else in its place.

Much later, in the s, a Cardinal Baronius speculated that Gelasius converted the Lupercalia into the Feast of the Purification of the Virgin or Candlemas , changing one purification ceremony into another, and many noted authors have repeated this claim.

Recent scholarship has refuted Baronius's assertion The letter by Gelasius to Andromachus criticizing the Lupercalia contains no reference to Valentine, or Valentine's Day, or any replacement observance.

Oruch, "St. Valentine, Chaucer, and Spring in February" Speculum UCLA Spotlight. Archived from the original on April 3, Chapter 6 The Genoese St.

Valentine, p. Independent Online. Retrieved February 14, Kelly gives the saint's day of the Genoese Valentine as May 3 and also claims that Richard's engagement was announced on this day.

Archived from the original on January 21, Oxford University Press, Opie and P. Also version reprinted in Archived April 10, , at the Wayback Machine that uses more modern grammar like "should" instead of "shou'd".

Archived from the original on August 7, Retrieved August 6, Literacy and Popular Culture: England — Cambridge University Press.

Extraordinary origins of everyday things. Manchester Metropolitan University. Archived from the original on November 9, Retrieved November 8, Archived from the original on January 3, Greeting Card Association.

Retrieved February 16, Lightner Pub. Archived from the original on July 22, Wordsworth Editions, British Retail Consortium.

Archived from the original on February 4, The Oxford Companion to Sugar and Sweets. Oxford University Press. Mast Media.

The Washington Post. Archived from the original on February 17, Church of England. The Catholic Herald. Archived from the original on February 13, Philippine Daily Inquirer , February 14, Retrieved February 21, February 12, Archived from the original on February 15, El Universal.

Archived from the original on February 2, Retrieved: February 14, Skyhorse Publishing Inc. Retrieved February 13, February 10, Archived from the original on February 14, Archived from the original on May 10, Colombia Reports.

September 16, National Geographic. ABC News. The New York Times. Retrieved February 4, The ancient Chinese. New York: Marshall Cavendish Benchmark.

China Internet Information Center. Retrieved March 13, Archived from the original on December 2, The Atlantic.

Globalizing gender culture. Transnational cultural flows and the intensification of male dominance in India". In Kathy E. Ferguson; Monique Mironesco eds.

Gender and globalization in Asia and the Pacific: method, practice, theory. University of Hawaii Press. Archived from the original on September 13, Marriage customs of the world: from henna to honeymoons illustrated ed.

Archived from the original on October 21, Valentine's Day and Hindu values". In Richard Sandbrook ed. Civilizing globalization: a survival guide.

SUNY series in radical social and political theory illustrated ed. SUNY Press. February 11, Archived from the original on March 5, Dialectical Anthropology.

Duke University Press. The Times of India. Retrieved April 21, February 15, Retrieved February 19, February 19, The Huffington Post. January 2, Archived from the original on January 12, France Retrieved February 20, February 18, New York Post.

February 13, Retrieved February 29, Iran Daily. December 31, Archived from the original PDF on May 11, The Jerusalem Post. Archived from the original on March 10, The Japan Times.

Archived from the original on January 6, Retrieved June 30, Gift-giving in Japan: cash, connections, cosmologies illustrated ed. Stanford University Press.

Archived from the original on July 25, The Pacer. In de 18e eeuw werd geopperd dat het Valentijnsfeest op 14 februari is ingesteld om de oude Lupercalia , een Romeins en wellicht nog ouder vruchtbaarheidsfeest , te vervangen.

Lupercalia werd op 15 februari gevierd ter ere van Juno , de Romeinse beschermgodin van de vrouw en het huwelijk, en Pan , de god van de natuur.

Volgens het verhaal werden de namen van ongehuwde jonge vrouwen in een grote kom gegooid. Ongehuwde mannen mochten dan om de beurt een naam trekken.

Tijdens het feest waren de twee jonge mensen die aan elkaar gekoppeld werden elkaars partner. In verbood paus Gelasius dit heidense feest.

Er is echter geen verband tussen de afschaffing van de Lupercalia en het ontstaan van de Valentijnsdag. Legenden over Valentijn komen voor in de Legenda aurea , maar het Valentijnsfeest van de romantische liefde, zoals dat tegenwoordig gevierd wordt, dankt zijn ontstaan aan Geoffrey Chaucer , die in zijn gedicht Parliament of Fowls [5] deze versregels schreef:.

Volgens de versie van de Legenda aurea [6] werd Sint-Valentijn om zijn geloof vervolgd en persoonlijk ondervraagd door de Romeinse keizer Claudius II.

Claudius was onder de indruk van Valentijn en probeerde hem onder doodsbedreigingen over te halen tot het heidense geloof van de Romeinen.

Valentijn weigerde en probeerde zelfs Claudius te bekeren tot het christendom, waarna hij veroordeeld werd tot de dood.

Vlak voor zijn executie zou hij een wonder verricht hebben, door de blinde dochter van zijn cipier te helen. Aangezien de Legenda aurea geen verband heeft met sentimentele liefde, is er in moderne tijden een portret van Valentijn gefabriceerd, dat hem weergeeft als een priester die weigerde een tot op heden onbekende wet van Claudius II, die het jonge mannen verbood te trouwen, uit te voeren.

De keizer zou dit gedaan hebben om zijn leger te verbeteren, in de veronderstelling dat getrouwde mannen slechtere soldaten waren.

De priester Valentijn voerde echter in het geheim de trouwplechtigheden uit. Toen Claudius hierachter kwam, liet hij Valentijn arresteren. Een andere moderne verfraaiing van de gouden legende wordt verzorgd door History.

Toen de dochter de brief ontving, kon ze weer zien en het briefje lezen. Uit Wikipedia, de vrije encyclopedie.

Geraadpleegd op 10 februari Mainzer Beobachter.

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Valentinsrag - Was Sie über den Valentinstag wissen müssen

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Valentinstag

Valentinsrag - Legende & Brauchtum

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